Switch network between Home and Public


Public network is more secure, but private network if more convenient.
To switch between the two on Windows 10:
Right click the wireless icon, then Properties.
It shows two radio buttons to indicate the connection: Public and Private.

I could not find it before because I thought it’s a property of the adapters, and kept looking under “Change adapter settings” in “Network and Sharing Center” in Control Panel. That was a mistake.

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Ternary conditional operator is not shortcut of if-else


Reference can be initialized by ?:, but cannot by if-else.
The same is true for const initialization and initialization list on constructors.
Consider this code snippet:

	int a = 0, b = 1, bCondition = false;
	int & c = bCondition ? a : b;
	c = 2;
	_ASSERT(b == 2);
	(bCondition ? a : b) = 3;
	_ASSERT(b == 3);

The root distinction is that ?: is expression but if-else is statement.

Adaptive Bitrate HLS Generation


MaxxSports has two variant streams for each camera, high and low resolution, generated by ffmpeg. Player can switch between the two resolutions based on bandwidth.

There are three playlists in this sample setup; master.m3u8 has two variant playlists:
var_0.m3u8: 426×240, with original resolution from input mp4 file
var_1.m3u8: 128×86, transcoded with parameter -s:v:1 128×86

Command used to generate the three playlists:
set FF=2018\bin\ffmpeg.exe
set MEDIA=Gym2017bshort.mp4    : to be replaced by rtsp://… for live camera feed.
%FF% -i %MEDIA% -s:v:1 128×86 -map 0:v -map 0:a -map 0:v -map 0:a -f hls -master_pl_name master.m3u8 -var_stream_map “v:0,a:0 v:1,a:1” var_%v.m3u8

Play URL: http://riowing.net/ABR/master.m3u8 or http://riowing.net/ABR/var_0.m3u8 or var_1.m3u8

This feature, var_stream_map, was added to ffmpeg in November 2017.
ffmpeg version is ffmpeg-20180925-a7429d8-win64-static 4.02, downloaded from ffmpeg.zeranoe.com

Sample Bayer Video Posted


I am posting this Bayer video file, because, unlike other raw video such as YUV, I found no Bayer video on google.

The hardware is in the picture attached:

  1. Camera: Smartek UCC2461C, Optical Format 2/3
  2. Lens: Theia ML410M 4-10mm
  3. The C-mount connects the camera, left half, and  the lens, the right half.

The data:

  1. Bayer RGGB 8 bit per pixel, width 520, hight 512, 10 FPS, 100 frames, 26MB.
  2. Download video here: http://riowing.net/media/Inside100frames.bay

How to watch:

  1. ffmpeg converts Bayer to YUV, and the .yuv can be played by “YUV File Player”.
  2. The output yuv420 file, Inside100frames.yuv, has to be exact 1.5 times the size of the input bayer_rggb8 Inside100frames.bay.
  3. Here is the command: $ffmpeg -f rawvideo -vcodec rawvideo -s 520×512 -pix_fmt bayer_rggb8 -i Inside100frames.bay -vcodec rawvideo -pix_fmt yuv420p Inside100frames.yuv

This camera only records one color component for each pixel, which explains Bayer file is smaller than YUV.BayerPost